Cardigan's 12th century castle is an integral part of the town's history and has been the scene for many battles over its rich 900-year history. Notably, Welsh prince Lord Rhys hosted what was to become the precursor to the National Eisteddfod of Wales (today this is an annual cultural festival promoting the Welsh language and arts) here in 1176 to which were invited poets and musicians from all over the country.

In recent times Cardigan castle, now sadly in a very poor state of repair, has been subject of much discussion and campaigning, not to mention being a serious contender in the BBC's Restoration 2004 programme. Now in public ownership, it is hoped Cardigan castle will be renovated and brought back into public use as part of the town's heritage.

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